Recommended UEB Resources for NLS-Certified Transcribers and Proofreaders

This is a list of recommended materials available to assist proofreaders and transcribers who are already certified by NLS under the rules of English Braille, American Edition to gain familiarity with the rules of Unified English Braille (UEB) and to prepare for the examination to achieve a Letter of Proficiency in UEB from NLS.

Unless otherwise noted, links to the following recommended downloadable resources can be found at

The ABCs of UEB

This document from the Braille Authority of North America, authored by Constance Risjord, outlines the major differences between English Braille, American Edition (EBAE) and Unified English Braille (UEB). Although this is not a complete instruction manual, it provides examples and practice exercises, which allow people who already know EBAE to quickly build on their knowledge of braille to understand UEB. It is available in PDF, BRF, and HTML. Includes answers for the exercises.

CNIB Transcriber's UEB Course

This self-directed course, intended for those already knowledgeable about braille transcribing or proofreading, can be downloaded in PDF, Word, or braille-ready format. By the end of the course, participants will understand the basic principles of UEB, be familiar with the most commonly used symbols, and know the Rulebook well enough to find and use the symbols needed to transcribe literary material.  Includes answers for the exercises.

UEB Online

Developed by the Royal Institute for Deaf and Blind Children in Sydney, Australia, this thorough free online course provides preparation for an Australian UEB certificate (not recognized in the US) but also has been a tool used by many who have earned Letters of Proficiency from NLS. The course can be taken without enrolling for the Australian certificate. Two versions of the course are available: one for those accessing the screen visually, at, and the one that can be accessed by those using screen reading technology with a refreshable braille display, at

Instruction Manual for Braille Transcribing, UEB Edition 2015

This new edition of the instruction manual from the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, Library of Congress, while intended to teach braille transcribing from scratch, contains drills and reading practices that can be used by any transcriber or proofreader for self-study. Already-certified transcribers and proofreaders should not submit the lessons for grading. The lessons can be downloaded from

Reading Practice

Many sample documents are available from the web site of the Braille Authority of North America in BRF as well as simulated braille PDF formats. There are recipes, chapters from books, famous speeches, and the like.

For braille readers who are patrons of the National Library Service, hundreds of books are available in UEB for download from NLS's Braille and Audio Reading Download service.

Examination for Letter of Proficiency in Unified English Braille

To be eligible to take this examination, you must already hold a certificate from the National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, Library of Congress, as a transcriber or proofreader.  Once you have used the above resources to become thoroughly familiar with Unified English Braille, you may request to take the examination for a Letter of Proficiency in Unified English Braille by emailing [email protected] to be added to a waiting list. The examination tests both braille reading and transcribing skills. Successful examinees will receive from the National Library Service a Letter of Proficiency in Unified English Braille, which is an add-on to an existing NLS certificate.